Publication

Description:A text based scholarly publication or publishing channel that contains results of research. CRISs typically record metadata about scholarly publications from the scope of the CRIS (institutional CRIS for the institution, funder CRIS for the funding it distributed, etc.) in the context of the research projects, infrastructure, funding, organization units and authors/contributors. This entity typically represents the granularity level of a single published item for which attribution information is attached (usually in the form of a list of authors and contributors). This entity is also used to represent publishing channels and sources: journals and book series (incl. continuing conference proceedings series). (Taken from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2014.06.008)
Examples:openaire_cerif_xml_example_publications.xml
Representation:XML element Publication; the rest of this section documents children of this element
CERIF:the ResultPublication entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication)

Internal Identifier

Use:mandatory (1)
Representation:XML attribute id
CERIF:the ResultPublicationIdentifier attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.ResultPublicationIdentifier)

Type

Description:

The type of the publication

Use:

mandatory (1)

Representation:

XML element Type from namespace https://www.openaire.eu/cerif-profile/vocab/COAR_Publication_Types

CERIF:

the ResultPublication_Classification (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_Classification)

Vocabulary:

Publication types extracted from the COAR Resource Types concept scheme: Types of publications as extracted from the COAR Resource Types concept scheme (http://vocabularies.coar-repositories.org/documentation/resource_types/, the term ‘text’ and its descendants in the hierarchy except ‘patent’).

  • text (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf): A resource consisting primarily of words for reading. Examples include books, letters, dissertations, poems, newspapers, articles, archives of mailing lists. Note that facsimiles or images of texts are still of the genre Text.
    • annotation (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_1162): An annotation in the sense of a legal note is a legally explanatory comment on a decision handed down by a court or arbitral tribunal.
    • bibliography (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_86bc): A systematic list or enumeration of written works by a specific author or on a given subject.
    • book (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_2f33): A non-serial publication that is complete in one volume or a designated finite number of volumes. (adapted from CiTO; EPrint Type vocabulary)
    • conference object (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_c94f): All kind of digital resources contributed to a conference, like conference presentation (slides), conference report, conference lecture, abstracts, demonstrations. For conference papers, posters or proceedings the specific concepts should be used..
      • conference proceedings (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_f744): Conference proceedings is the official record of a conference meeting. It is a collection of documents which corresponds to the presentations given at the conference. It may include additional content.
        • conference paper (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_5794): A conference paper that is submitted to a conference and presented to the audience. The conference paper is published in proceedings.
        • conference poster (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_6670): A conference poster that is submitted to a conference and presented there at a poster presentation. The conference poster is published in proceedings.
      • conference paper not in proceedings (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cp): A conference paper that is submitted to a conference and presented to the audience. The conference paper is not published in proceedings.
      • conference poster not in proceedings (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18co): A conference poster that is submitted to a conference and presented there at a poster presentation. The conference poster is not published in proceedings.
    • lecture (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_8544): A transcription of a talk delivered during an academic event.
    • letter (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_0857): A brief description of important new research, also known as “communication”. (adapted from EuroCRIS)
    • periodical (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_2659): A periodical is a publication issued on a regular and ongoing basis as a series of issues. (Adapted from fabio)
    • preprint (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_816b): Pre-print describes the first draft of the article - before peer-review, even before any contact with a publisher. This use is common amongst academics for whom the key modification of an article is the peer-review process. Another use of the term pre-print is for the finished article, reviewed and amended, ready and accepted for publication - but separate from the version that is type-set or formatted by the publisher. This use is more common amongst publishers, for whom the final and significant stage of modification to an article is the arrangement of the material for putting to print.
    • report (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_93fc): A report is a separately published record of research findings, research still in progress, or other technical findings, usually bearing a report number and sometimes a grant number assigned by the funding agency. Also, an official record of the activities of a committee or corporate entity, the proceedings of a government body, or an investigation by an agency, whether published or private, usually archived or submitted to a higher authority, voluntarily or under mandate. In a more general sense, any formal account of facts or information related to a specific event or phenomenon, sometimes given at regular intervals.
      • report part (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_ba1f): part of a report
      • internal report (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18ww): An internal report is a record of findings collected for internal use. It is not designed to be made public and may include confidential or proprietary information.
      • memorandum (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18wz): It is a note, document or other communication that helps the memory by recording events or observations on a topic. A memorandum can have only a certain number of formats; it may have a format specific to an office or institution.
      • other type of report (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18wq): Other types of report may include Business Plans Technical Specifications, data management plans, recommendation reports, white papers, annual reports, auditor’s reports, workplace reports, census reports, trip reports, progress reports, investigative reports, budget reports, policy reports, demographic reports, credit reports, appraisal reports, inspection reports, military reports, bound reports, etc.
      • policy report (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_186u): A policy report is a type of report that provides an in-depth look at major policy developments and events
      • project deliverable (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18op): A project deliverable is an “outcome” as a result of a project that is intended to be delivered to a customer (e.g. funder). Examples of deliverable are report, document, work package or any other building block of an overall project.
      • report to funding agency (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18hj): A report to a funding agency is a document written by beneficiaries of project grants. The reporting documents can be e.g. periodic reports about progress of scientific and technical work and final report. For deliverables use ‘Project deliverable’.
      • research report (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18ws): Research Reports are reports that typically provide an in-depth study of a particular topic or describe the results of a research project.
      • technical report (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18gh): A technical report is a document that records the procedure adopted and results obtained from a scientific or technical activity or investigation.
    • research proposal (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_baaf): documentation for grant request
    • review (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_efa0): A review of others’ published work.
    • technical documentation (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_71bd): Technical documentation refers to any type of documentation that describes handling, functionality and architecture of a technical product or a product under development or use.
    • working paper (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_8042): A working paper or preprint is a report on research that is still on-going or which has not yet been accepted for publication.
    • thesis (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_46ec): A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author’s research and findings.
    • musical notation (http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cw): Musical notation is any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music through the use of written symbols, including ancient or modern musical symbols.

Language

Description:The language of the publication. Please use the IETF language tags as described in the IETF BCP 47 document.
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Language
CERIF:the ResultPublication_Classification linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_Classification) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/LanguageTags semantics

Title

Description:The title of the publication
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Title as a multilingual string
CERIF:the ResultPublication.Title attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.Title)

Subtitle

Description:The subtitle of the publication
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Subtitle as a multilingual string
CERIF:the ResultPublication.Subtitle attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.Subtitle)

PublishedIn

Description:The source (another Publication) where this publication appeared. E.g. a journal article lists here the journal where it appeared. To be used for a publishing channel.
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element PublishedIn with embedded XML element Publication
CERIF:the ResultPublication_ResultPublication linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_ResultPublication) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/Inter-PublicationRelations#Publication semantics (direction :1)

PartOf

Description:The Publication of which this publication is a part. E.g. a book chapter lists here the book that contains it. To be used for a containing publication.
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element PartOf with embedded XML element Publication
CERIF:the ResultPublication_ResultPublication linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_ResultPublication) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/Inter-PublicationRelations#Part semantics (direction :1)

PublicationDate

Description:The date the publication appeared
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element PublicationDate
CERIF:the ResultPublication.ResPublDate attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.ResPublDate)

Number

Description:The number of the publication (e.g. Article Number)
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Number
CERIF:the ResultPublication.Number attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.Number)

Volume

Description:The volume of the publishing channel where this publication appeared
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Volume
CERIF:the ResultPublication.Volume attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.Volume)

Issue

Description:The issue of the publishing channel where this publication appeared
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Issue
CERIF:the ResultPublication.Issue attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.Issue)

Edition

Description:The edition of the publication
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Edition
CERIF:the ResultPublication.Edition attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.Edition)

StartPage

Description:The page where this publication starts, in case the publishing channel or containing publication has numbered pages
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element StartPage
CERIF:the ResultPublication.StartPage attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.StartPage)

EndPage

Description:The page where this publication ends, in case the publishing channel or containing publication has numbered pages
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element EndPage
CERIF:the ResultPublication.EndPage attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.EndPage)

DOI

Description:The Digital Object Identifier
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element DOI
CERIF:the FederatedIdentifier entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#FederatedIdentifier)

Handle

Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Handle
CERIF:the FederatedIdentifier entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#FederatedIdentifier)

PMCID

Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element PMCID
CERIF:the FederatedIdentifier entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#FederatedIdentifier)

ISI-Number

Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element ISI-Number
CERIF:the FederatedIdentifier entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#FederatedIdentifier)

SCP-Number

Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element SCP-Number
CERIF:the FederatedIdentifier entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#FederatedIdentifier)

ISSN

Description:The International Standard Serial Number
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element ISSN
CERIF:the FederatedIdentifier entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#FederatedIdentifier)

medium

Use:

optional

Representation:

XML attribute medium

Vocabulary:

ISSN Media List

ISBN

Description:The International Standard Book Number
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element ISBN
CERIF:the FederatedIdentifier entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#FederatedIdentifier)

medium

Use:

optional

Representation:

XML attribute medium

Vocabulary:

ISSN Media List

URL

Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element URL
CERIF:the FederatedIdentifier entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#FederatedIdentifier)

URN

Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element URN
CERIF:the FederatedIdentifier entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#FederatedIdentifier)

Authors

Description:The authors of this publication
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Authors with ordered embedded XML elements Author that can contain an embedded person with affiliations or organisation unit

Author

Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Author with embedded XML element Person optionally followed by one or several Affiliation elements, or OrgUnit
CERIF:the Person_ResultPublication linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Person_ResultPublication) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/PersonOutputContributions#Author semantics; the OrganisationUnit_ResultPublication linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#OrganisationUnit_ResultPublication) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/OrganisationOutputContributions#Author semantics

Editors

Description:The editors of this publication
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Editors with ordered embedded XML elements Editor that can contain an embedded person with affiliations or organisation unit

Editor

Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Editor with embedded XML element Person optionally followed by one or several Affiliation elements, or OrgUnit
CERIF:the Person_ResultPublication linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Person_ResultPublication) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/PersonOutputContributions#Editor semantics; the OrganisationUnit_ResultPublication linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#OrganisationUnit_ResultPublication) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/OrganisationOutputContributions#Editor semantics

Publishers

Description:The publishers of this publication
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Publishers with ordered embedded XML elements Publisher that can contain an embedded organisation unit or person

Publisher

Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Publisher with embedded XML element OrgUnit or Person
CERIF:the OrganisationUnit_ResultPublication linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#OrganisationUnit_ResultPublication) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/OrganisationOutputContributions#Publisher semantics; the Person_ResultPublication linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Person_ResultPublication) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/PersonOutputContributions#Publisher semantics

License

Description:The license of the publication
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element License containing the classification identifier and having a scheme attribute to specify the classification scheme identifier
CERIF:the ResultPublication_Classification (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_Classification)

Subject

Description:The subject of the publication from a classification
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Subject containing the classification identifier and having a scheme attribute to specify the classification scheme identifier
CERIF:the ResultPublication_Classification (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_Classification)

Keyword

Description:A single keyword or key expression. Please repeat to serialize separate keywords or key expressions.
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Keyword as a multilingual string
CERIF:the ResultPublication.Keywords attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.Keywords)

Abstract

Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Abstract as a multilingual string
CERIF:the ResultPublication.Abstract attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication.Abstract)

Status

Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Status containing the classification identifier and having a scheme attribute to specify the classification scheme identifier
CERIF:the ResultPublication_Classification (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_Classification)

OriginatesFrom

Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element OriginatesFrom with embedded XML element Project or Funding
CERIF:the Project_ResultPublication linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_ResultPublication) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/Project_Output_Roles#Originator semantics; the ResultPublication_Funding linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_Funding) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/Funding_Output_Roles#Originator semantics

PresentedAt

Description:The event where this publication was presented. [1]
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element PresentedAt with embedded XML element Event
CERIF:the ResultPublication_Event linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_Event) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/EventOutputRelationships#Presented semantics
[1]Note: Video recordings of conference presentations are stored as alternative representations of the primary object: the conference paper. It would be unneccessarily complex to represent them as separate, linked Products.

OutputFrom

Description:This publication contains the proceedings from the linked event
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element OutputFrom with embedded XML element Event
CERIF:the ResultPublication_Event linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_Event) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/EventOutputRelationships#Output semantics

Coverage

Description:The event that is covered by this publication (e.g. a report about the event)
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Coverage with embedded XML element Event
CERIF:the ResultPublication_Event linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_Event) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/EventOutputRelationships#Coverage semantics

References

Description:Result outputs that are referenced by this publication
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element References with embedded XML element Publication or Patent or Product
CERIF:the ResultPublication_ResultPublication linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_ResultPublication) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/Inter-OutputRelations#Reference semantics (direction :1); the ResultPublication_ResultProduct linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_ResultProduct) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/Inter-OutputRelations#Reference semantics (direction :1); the ResultPublication_ResultPatent linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_ResultPatent) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/Inter-OutputRelations#Reference semantics (direction :1)

ns4:Access

Description:

The open access type of the publication

Use:

optional (0..1)

Representation:

XML element Access from namespace http://purl.org/coar/access_right

CERIF:

the ResultPublication_Classification (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#ResultPublication_Classification)

Vocabulary:
  • open access (http://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_abf2): Open access refers to a resource that is immediately and permanently online, and free for all on the Web, without financial and technical barriers.
  • embargoed access (http://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_f1cf): Embargoed access refers to a resource that is metadata only access until released for open access on a certain date. Embargoes can be required by publishers and funders policies, or set by the author (e.g such as in the case of theses and dissertations).
  • restricted access (http://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_16ec): Restricted access refers to a resource that is available in a system but with some type of restriction for full open access. This type of access can occur in a number of different situations. Some examples are described below: The user must log-in to the system in order to access the resource The user must send an email to the author or system administrator to access the resource Access to the resource is restricted to a specific community (e.g. limited to a university community)
  • metadata only access (http://purl.org/coar/access_right/c_14cb): Metadata only access refers to a resource in which access is limited to metadata only. The resource itself is described by the metadata, but is not directly available through the system or platform. This type of access can occur in a number of different situations. Some examples are described below: There is no electronic copy of the resource available (record links to a physical resource) The resource is only available elsewhere for a fee (record links to a subscription-based publisher version) The resource is available open access but at a different location (record links to a version at an open access publisher or archive) The resource is available elsewhere, but not in a fully open access format (record links to a read only, or other type of resources that is not permanent or in some way restricted)