Project

Description:A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result. Source: the Project Management Institute, https://www.pmi.org/about/learn-about-pmi/what-is-project-management In the research information domain, one typically tracks: (1) research projects, where the result is an addition to the body of knowledge of the mankind, (2) technology development projects, where the result is a particular technology or product, (3) innovation projects, where the result is an improvement of a product or process, and (4) projects that create or enhance infrastructure for research, technology development or innovation. Depending on the scope one can also track finer levels of granularity: stages, work packages, sometimes even down to individual tasks. All such activities are also modelled using the Project entity and linked using the recursive link relationship. The Project entity only captures details of the project scope and plan. Information about the resources needed to execute the project such as the funding (i.e., the grants received), the people and organisations involved, the supporting infrastructures, the outputs produced, etc. is contained in separate entities (the Funding entity, the Person entity, the OrgUnit entity, the infrastructure entities, the result entities respectively) and is linked to the Project.
Examples:openaire_cerif_xml_example_projects.xml
Representation:XML element Project; the rest of this section documents children of this element
CERIF:the Project entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project)

Internal Identifier

Use:mandatory (1)
Representation:XML attribute id
CERIF:the ProjectIdentifier attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project.ProjectIdentifier)

Type

Description:The type of the project
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Type containing the classification identifier and having a scheme attribute to specify the classification scheme identifier
CERIF:the Project_Classification (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Classification)

Acronym

Description:The acronym of the project
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Acronym
CERIF:the Project.Acronym attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project.Acronym)

Title

Description:The title of the project
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Title as a multilingual string
CERIF:the Project.Title attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project.Title)

Identifier

Description:An identifier of the project
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Identifier with mandatory type attribute
CERIF:the FederatedIdentifier entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#FederatedIdentifier)

StartDate

Description:The start date of the project
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element StartDate
CERIF:the Project.StartDate attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project.StartDate)

EndDate

Description:The end date of the project
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element EndDate
CERIF:the Project.EndDate attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project.EndDate)

Consortium

Description:The consortium of the project: the organisations (persons) who are contractually bound to do the work in the project
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Consortium with unordered embedded XML elements Coordinator that can contain an embedded organisation unit or person or Partner that can contain an embedded organisation unit or person or Contractor that can contain an embedded organisation unit or person or InKindContributor that can contain an embedded organisation unit or person or Member that can contain an embedded organisation unit or person

Coordinator

Description:Project coordinator
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Coordinator with embedded XML element OrgUnit or Person
CERIF:the Project_OrganisationUnit linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_OrganisationUnit) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/OrganisationProjectEngagements#Coordinator semantics; the Project_Person linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Person) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/PersonProjectEngagements#Coordinator semantics

Partner

Description:Project partner
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Partner with embedded XML element OrgUnit or Person
CERIF:the Project_OrganisationUnit linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_OrganisationUnit) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/OrganisationProjectEngagements#Partner semantics; the Project_Person linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Person) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/PersonProjectEngagements#Partner semantics

Contractor

Description:Project contractor
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Contractor with embedded XML element OrgUnit or Person
CERIF:the Project_OrganisationUnit linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_OrganisationUnit) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/OrganisationProjectEngagements#Contractor semantics; the Project_Person linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Person) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/PersonProjectEngagements#Contractor semantics

InKindContributor

Description:Project in kind contributor
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element InKindContributor with embedded XML element OrgUnit or Person
CERIF:the Project_OrganisationUnit linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_OrganisationUnit) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/OrganisationProjectEngagements#InKindContributor semantics; the Project_Person linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Person) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/PersonProjectEngagements#InKindContributor semantics

Member

Description:A member of the project consortium
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Member with embedded XML element OrgUnit or Person
CERIF:the Project_OrganisationUnit linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_OrganisationUnit) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/OrganisationProjectEngagements#ConsortiumMember semantics; the Project_Person linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Person) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/PersonProjectEngagements#ConsortiumMember semantics

Team

Description:The project team: the persons who carry out the work in the project, typically as a part of their job at the organisations from the consortium
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element Team with unordered embedded XML elements PrincipalInvestigator or Contact or Member

PrincipalInvestigator

Description:The principal investigator: the person responsible for the whole project, the head of the project team
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element PrincipalInvestigator with embedded XML element Person optionally followed by one or several Affiliation elements
CERIF:the Project_Person linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Person) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/PersonProjectEngagements#PrincipalInvestigator semantics

Contact

Description:A person to contact in matters connected with her/his organisations’ participation in the project
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Contact with embedded XML element Person optionally followed by one or several Affiliation elements
CERIF:the Project_Person linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Person) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/PersonProjectEngagements#OrganisationContact semantics

Member

Description:A member of the project team
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Member with embedded XML element Person optionally followed by one or several Affiliation elements
CERIF:the Project_Person linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Person) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/PersonProjectEngagements#TeamMember semantics

Funded

Description:Information about funding of this project
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Funded with unordered embedded XML elements By that can contain an embedded organisation unit or person or As

By

Description:The funder of the project
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element By with embedded XML element OrgUnit or Person
CERIF:the Project_OrganisationUnit linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_OrganisationUnit) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/OrganisationProjectEngagements#Funder semantics

As

Description:The specific funding device (grant, award, contract) for the project
Use:optional (0..1)
Representation:XML element As with embedded XML element Funding
CERIF:the Project_Funding linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Funding) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/ProjectFundingRelations#Support semantics

Subject

Description:The subject classification(s) of the project
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Subject containing the classification identifier and having a scheme attribute to specify the classification scheme identifier
CERIF:the Project_Classification (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Classification)

Keyword

Description:A single keyword or key expression that characterize the project. Please repeat to serialize separate keywords or key expressions.
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Keyword as a multilingual string
CERIF:the Project.Keywords attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project.Keywords)

Abstract

Description:The abstract of the project
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Abstract
CERIF:the Project.Abstract attribute (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project.Abstract)

Status

Description:The status of the project
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Status containing the classification identifier and having a scheme attribute to specify the classification scheme identifier
CERIF:the Project_Classification (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Classification)

Uses

Description:The equipment this project uses
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element Uses with embedded XML element Equipment
CERIF:the Project_Equipment linking entity (https://w3id.org/cerif/model#Project_Equipment) with the https://w3id.org/cerif/vocab/ProjectResearchInfrastructureRelations#User semantics

OAMandate

Description:Information about the Open Access mandate that applies to this project
Use:optional, possibly multiple (0..*)
Representation:XML element OAMandate

mandated

Description:The flag if Open Access is mandated in the project
Use:required
Representation:XML attribute mandated
Format:true or false (data type xs:boolean)

uri

Description:The Open Access policy that applies to the project
Use:optional
Representation:XML attribute uri
Format:URI (data type xs:anyURI)